Cryptocurrency – MCO Credit Card

MCO Ruby Steel Card

Cryptocurrency has evolved tremendously since I last took a look at it. Back in the year 2018, I built my own rig to mine for Ethereum. When cryptocurrency crashed, I decided to quit mining as it became non profitable since the cost of electricity is higher than the profits earned. Moreover, the rig was generating a lot of heat and dust which is unhealthy to my family members.

I became interested in Cryptocurrency again when Kevin from Turtle Investor shared about the MCO credit card. MCO is a cryptocurrency and a utility token on the Ethereum blockchain that powers the app. As you can see below, there are different tiers of cards you can choose from. Different tiers offer you different percentage of cashback (in the form of MCO) and benefits that you can enjoy with your card.

Staking MCO

All the cards except the Midnight Blue card requires staking of MCO. Staking means you need to purchase MCO tokens and these tokens have to be locked in the app for six months. At the point of writing, 1 MCO token cost around S$7.80. Depending on your budget and risk appetite, the Royal Indigo (Purple), Jade Green (Green) and Ruby Steel (Red) is the most affordable. 500 MCO and 50 MCO cost you S$3,900 and S$390 respectively.

I have signed up for the Ruby Steel (Red) MCO card. If you sign up using my MCO referral link, you and myself will receive US$50 in the form of MCO token.

Why I apply for MCO credit card?

You probably might ask for the reason why I have applied for MCO credit card. Even thought the Ruby Steel card offers you 100% cashback on Spotify subscription, this is not the reason why I have signed up for it. Most of credit cards that I held no longer offers cashback on certain transactions such as payment for utility bills, HDB parking, school fees etc. I shall be using the MCO credit card for these payments.

2% cashback may seem little for some. But based on my household spending habits, the cashback is certainly beneficial to lighten my monthly expenses.

At the point of writing, I am waiting for my Ruby Steel to be shipped. I will share more updates after receiving my card.

IREIT Global – Poised For Recovery?

IREIT Global

IREIT Global is the first Singapore-listed real estate investment trust (REIT) established with the investment strategy of principally investing, directly or indirectly, in a portfolio of income-producing real estate in Europe that is used primarily for office, retail and industrial (including logistics) purposes, as well as real estate-related assets.

I have done a stock analysis of IREIT Global in July last year. Since then, there has been some changes to the portfolio under IREIT Global which I think is worthy of an update to investors out there.

First, let us look at the FY19 full year financial results. As you can see from the table below, gross revenue increased by 1.3%. Net property income also improved by 0.1%. Distribution Per Unit in € cents declined by 0.6%. The weak EUR/SGD exchange rates caused the Distribution Per Unit in Singapore dollar cents to decline by 2.8%.

FY2019 Full Year Financial Results

Change (%)
Gross Revenue35,26534,8081.3
Net Property Income30,66230,6300.1
Distributable Income22,73822,6310.5
Distribution Per Unit (“DPU”) (€ cents)3.573.59(0.6)
Distribution Per Unit (“DPU”) (S$ cents)5.645.80(2.8)

Now, let us look at the updates for IREIT Global since my last review.

In December 2019, IREIT Global completed the acquisition of four freehold office buildings located in Spain. This is done via a joint venture whereby IREIT held 40% and 60.0% is held by Tikehau Capital SCA. Prior to the acquisition, IREIT Global own 5 properties. They are Berlin Campus, Bonn Campus, Darmstadt, Münster Campus and Concor Park. The newly acquired four Spain assets are Delta Nova IV, Delta Nova VI, II.Ilumina and Sant Cugat Green.


The acquisition was funded via a term loan facility of €32m maturing in May 2021. It was mentioned that the manager is looking at further debt to acquire the remaining 60% stake. As of 31st March 2020, the gearing ratio for IREIT Global stood at 38.0% which I am not comfortable with. Further debt could bring the gearing ratio higher.

However, I can see the effort that the manager is trying to bring the debt ratio down from a gearing ratio of 39.3% in December 2019 to the current lower gearing ratio of 38.0%.


As of 31st December 2019, the overall portfolio occupancy stood at 94.6%. The occupancy of the German portfolio stood at 99.7%. You may have guessed it right. The overall portfolio occupancy was dragged down by the Spain’s portfolio occupancy rate. On a positive note, the manager shared that the lower occupancy provides opportunity for rental upside from new leases and positive rental reversions.

As of 31st March 2020, the portfolio occupancy has increased slightly to 94.7%. The occupancy remained bogged down by its Spanish portfolio.

German Portfolio


 Spanish Portfolio


Portfolio WALE (“Weighted Average Lease Expiry”) remained healthy at 4.2 years with 97.7% of the portfolio leases due for renewal only from FY2022 and beyond.


The effective date of Mr Aymeric Thibord’s cessation as Chief Executive Officer is on 23rd April 2020. Mr Louis d’Estienne d’Orves has taken over the position as Chief Executive Officer of the Manager. Mr d’Estienne d’Orves joined Tikehau Capital’s Real Estate team in November 2018. Before joining Tikehau Capital, Mr d’Estienne d’Orves spent 11 years at AXA IM Real Assets, most recently as the Co-Head of European Transactions – Special Situations.

Current Dividend Yield

Based on the FY19 distribution pay out of 5.64 cents and current share price of S$0.68, this translate to a current dividend yield of 8.29%. The dividend yield is definitely attractive but of course you need to consider the risks involved such as further weakening of the EUR dollar.


As mentioned in my last review, IREIT Global has been suffering from lack lustre financial results and year on year distribution per unit has been rather inconsistent.

However, I do notice some positive points worth mentioning on IREIT Global.

  • Newly acquired Spanish assets added to the portfolio which is a form of diversification.
  • Debt has been reduced to current ratio of 38.0%.
  • 96.5% of portfolio leases will be due for renewal only in FY2022 and beyond.
  • Tikehau Capital and City Developments Limited (CDL) have substantially increased
    their respective unitholdings in IREIT as a vote of confidence, bringing their combined stake to over 50%. Tikehau Capital now owns 29.20% while CDL owns 20.87% of the units in IREIT.
  • A new unitholder, AT Investments has also acquired a substantial 5.50% stake in IREIT, alongside Tikehau Capital and CDL. AT Investments is owned by Mr Arvind Tiku,
    whose family office has an asset portfolio worth approximately US$2bn.

The following are downsides

  • IREIT Global is also impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. As a result of the pandemic, the eurozone economy is expected to contract. This results in the slow down of the take-up of office space and real estate investment in Europe.
  • Recent change in CEO means a change of leadership which may take IREIT Global into a different direction. Time will tell.
  • Foreign exchange risks (EUR to SGD). Thus, the Distribution Per Unit in SGD may decline further.

There are certainly more positives in IREIT Global than negatives right now. However, as a cautious investor, we should monitor the REIT for a longer period of time. Consistency is the key to success and time will tell whether the manager can turn the assets around.

For those who can’t resist buying into IREIT Global because the share price has been beaten down due to the pandemic, you may wish to split up your purchases over the next few quarters.

ST Engineering – Why I Am Not Selling

Smart City

ST Engineering makes up 12.6% of my stock portfolio. If you are not familiar with this company, it derives its revenue from four key business segments: Aerospace, Electronics, Land Systems and Marine.

After ST Engineering has held its Annual General Meeting on 15th May 2020, the share price of ST Engineering has started to decline as investors started their sell off because of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic to ST Engineering’s businesses.

First, let us understand how the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted ST Engineering. Second, how the company tries to mitigate these factors. The last is what the company is doing to keep investor’s confidence?

1. How COVID-19 Pandemic Has Impacted ST Engineering?

The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted ST Engineering in three areas: reduction in customer demand, supply chain and workforce disruptions. ST Engineering expects the Aerospace and Electronics sectors to experience more impact than Land Systems and Marine sectors. Land Systems and Marine have a higher portion of defence related projects, which collectively have provided revenue stability.

In the Aerospace sector, we have read about commercial planes being grounded and airport closures. ST engineering expects lower demand for airframe and engine and component MRO (maintenance, repair and operations). The production manufacturing timeline for original Equipment (OE), largely the engine nacelle manufacturing and composite floor panel manufacturing needs to be shifted to follow its customers timeline. The income stream from military customers continues to be steady.

In the Electronics sector, ST Engineering experienced deferments in some projects and tenders previously launched are now being placed on hold. These are due to travel and movement restrictions imposed in the countries they serve.

In the Land Systems sector, the defence related projects continues to provide revenue stability. Similarly to projects in the electronics sector, projects in its commercial business are deferred.

In the Marine sector, ST Engineering’s yards in Singapore and the U.S. are still operating, albeit on a reduced scale in Singapore mainly due to the workforce disruption.

2. Mitigation Measures Taken

ST Engineering has a diversified income streams from different business sectors and geographies. The income is further differentiated between customers from the commercial and military defence. As mentioned previously, the income from the military defence customers remains steady.

The directors have taken a cut in their director’s fees. As of 1st May 2020, the President and CEO will reduce his salary by 10%, while the senior management team will reduce their salaries by percentages ranging between 5% and 10%.

The group has received also support from various government aids and stimulus packages.

For the nine months from April to December 2020, the group expects to recognise $4.5b from the order book of $16.3b as of 31 March 2020, after delivery for the first quarter.

ST Engineering COVID-19 Mitigation

What is the company doing to keep investor’s confidence?

It is heartening to know that for the past seven years, ST Engineering has been consistently paying out 15 cents per share. This is also the reason why I am not selling away. The group has assured they have a strong balance sheet to sustain long-term growth and they will want to continue rewarding its shareholders by creating long-term shareholders’ value.